Discover how a marine observation system is used by a weather agency to forecast typhoons

A weather agency recently installed marine observation equipment to improve its ability to forecast typhoons. This is to ensure that typhoon warnings are accurate and timely, and also to protect coastal communities. Marine observation equipment is made up of high-tech sensors and specialized buoys that collect meteorological and oceanographic information in real time. These instruments are strategically positioned in the oceans to monitor factors like sea surface temperatures, wave heights, wind speeds, and directions. Weather agencies can analyze this data continuously to gain a better understanding about typhoons, their formation, intensity and track. This will allow them to give more accurate and timely warnings.

The deployment marine observation equipment to predict typhoons is an important step towards improving coastal resilience against these extreme weather conditions. By having accurate and timely predictions, communities are better prepared to take action and reduce the impact of typhoons. The data collected through the marine monitoring equipment is not only useful for forecasting the intensity and course of typhoons by weather agencies, but it also provides valuable insights about ocean conditions before, after, and during typhoons. The information collected can then be used to enhance scientific knowledge of typhoons’ impact on fisheries and coastal ecosystems. The deployment of marine-observation equipment ultimately contributes to the goal of minimizing the death and damage caused by Typhoons as well as promoting sustainable coast development.

ARGO Float (Korea Meteorological Administration)

ARGO Float (Korea Meteorological Administration)

The weather agency confirmed Thursday that ARGO Float devices will be used to drop five unmanned marine observation devices into the sea south of Jeju Island in order to gather data on typhoons.

ARGO Float, a device in the shape of a rocket that monitors climate conditions is used as part of the joint international marine observation project sponsored by the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) and the World Meteorological Organization. In the world’s seas, there are currently more than 3,800 vehicles.

ARGO Float, when dropped in the ocean, will descend repeatedly to a specified depth of water, then ascend again to the surface, sending satellites data about the marine environment, such as the water pressure, the temperature and the salt concentration.

The Korea Meteorological Administration said they will use this data to analyze how marine environments affect typhoons strength and the changes in typhoon courses around Korea. They added that the agency would examine the interaction of the atmosphere with the ocean near the North Pacific High.

By Lee Jung